The atmosphere of our planet is working just like a greenhouse. Almost half of the sun's rays reaching the earth are reflected from the earth. Because of Carbon dioxide, methane, water vapor, ozone, nitrogen oxide etc. which are described as greenhouse gases; the atmosphere sends some of the sun's rays reflected from the earth back to the earth. Due to the greenhouse gases that serve as a blanket, the average temperature on earth captures a temperature of 15 ° C, which will allow people, animals and plants to survive. Without greenhouse gases, the average temperature of the earth would be around -18 ° C. This natural effect of greenhouse gases is called “greenhouse gas effect”. The current danger is that the increase in the amount of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases strengthen this natural greenhouse effect. While the carbon resources in our world remain stable for thousands of years, now modern human activities, the use of fossil fuels, the destruction of forests, excessive agriculture cause the release of large amounts of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. Global warming is warming of the atmosphere while increasing its temperature periodically with the effect of greenhouse; it is a natural process. As a result of the activities of the people, as the inputs of the gases increased in the atmosphere, the impact is gradually increasing. With the increasing hazards related to climate such as the average annual temperature increase, rainfall throughout the country and seasonal changes, floods and droughts; the effects of climate change are already being observed in Turkey. (TSMS, 2018) In order to reduce costs and risks that affect the environment and economy caused from the climate change; adaptation studies should be increased.
Greenhouse Gas Emission Profile and Trends
Strong economic growth and population growth, rising income levels and together with increasing dependence on carbon-intensive fuels; Turkey, became a country with the highest emission increase among OECD countries over the last decade. ( without AKAKDO in the period of 2005-16 + %49). In recent years, although there has been a comparative separation of emissions and with achieving energy efficiency in renewable energy despite a decline in emissions, this decline was lower compared to other member countries. Although it is still below the the OECD average; per capita emission amount is increasing rapidly. In 2016 with about 500 million tonnes of CO2 equivalent, Turkey was included in the top ten among the OECD countries with the highest emissions. It is expected that the economy will continue to grow and the population will increase and this will increase the greenhouse gas emissions. Climate change is defined as “changes in the average and / or variability of the climate for decades or longer, regardless of the cause".
Throughout the history of our world up to now, there have been many changes in the climate system over a period of 4.5 billion years, with natural factors and processes in all time scales from millions of years to these years. The climate changes in geological periods have not only changed the world geography, especially through glacial movements and changes in sea level, but also have created permanent changes in ecological systems. Today, the global climate change refers to the increase in the average surface temperatures of the globe and the changes in the climate as a result of the rapid increase in greenhouse gas accumulations released into the atmosphere as a result of strengthening the natural greenhouse effect through human activities such as burning fossil fuels, land use changes, deforestation and industrial processes.
When we look at the table for the 2019 Global Risk Report below; It is seen that global risks are listed according to years and climate change has been identified as one of the biggest risks in recent years.
Reduction of Energy Consumption
Uninterrupted studies are needed to increase energy efficiency in order to reduce the impacts of climate change and to ensure energy security.The monitoring, reporting and verification of greenhouse gas emissions arising from our activities on climate change issues are carried out under the legislation. In addition, our Company has initiated its activities in order to reduce the carbon emissions caused by our activities.
In this context, it is planned to reduce the annual carbon emission by the improvements in our compressor plants. In the following process, we will continue our projects and efforts to reduce climate change.